Prolactin serum levels in first-episode neuroleptic-naive patients with pituitary microadenoma and comorbid psychosis.
Cheng M, Wen S, Tang X, Zhong Z, Gan Z.
Department of Psychiatry, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.
This study was designed to explore the relationship between pituitary microadenoma and psychosis and to evaluate the role that prolactin plays in pituitary microadenoma and comorbid psychosis. In this study, the prolactin serum levels were compared between 74 first-episode drug-naive patients with a pituitary microadenoma with psychosis (PMP), and 58 patients with a pituitary microadenoma with no psychosis (PMNP). Patients with PMP had significantly higher prolactin serum levels; male patients with PMP had a mean [S.D.] prolactin level of 705.4uIU/ml [226.1] vs. 433.1uIU/ml [58.4] for male patients with PMNP, while female patients with PMP had a mean prolactin level of 1890.1uIU/ml [1138.7] vs. 978.6uIU/ml [657.9] for female patients with PMNP. The size of microadenoma in the patients with PMP was larger than those in the patients with PMNP, regardless of sex. Our data suggested that a higher prolactin serum level is a characteristic of first-episode neuroleptic-naive patients with PMP.
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